Notions of Freedom of Expression and Religion in contemporary world: A Critical Analysis


  • Dr. Syed Raza Shah Gilani Assistant Professor, (Law) at Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan
  • Dr. Zahid Ullah Lecturer (Political Sciences), Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan
  • Shehla Zahoor Assistant professor(Law) Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar



Freedom of Religion, Freedom of expression, Hate speech


Some religions such as Christianity or Islamic organizations and
commentators who are embracing both the freedom of expression and the
freedom of religion both at the same time taking away this same rights from
other individual by displaying discrimination and violent actions, because
some laws made are conflicting to their rights. Those this mean the rights of
the opposite party should be taken away to please the majority party which is
most of the time the people without religion. People contradict some of the
foundation upon which the freedom to religion Freedom of expression and
religion are based on. For example, there are up rising controversies which
continue to become a major issue on the same sex marriages and if they
should be provided with the same goods and services as opposite sex
marriage. The right to freedom of religion or expression, contradicts other
human rights such as freedom of assembly and can become negative and
affect individuals such as hate speeches.