Qazi Iqrar Uddin and Fatawa Iqraria, Introduction and Methodology
Abstract The Quran and the Sunnah are accepted (by the Muslims) as the primary sources of guidance for humanity. Either of them serves as a basis for Islamic Jurisprudence. Islamic Jurisprudence is described as the human understanding, premised on a set of principles, of the ruling of God revealed in Quran u Sunnah. Identically, Fatwa (unbinding legal opinion) and Ifta (the act of issuing fatwa) are also rendered as a means to convey the rulings of Sharia. A mufti (fatwa_giver) is supposed to elucidate the God`s rulings on inquiry presented to him by the mustafti (fatwa_seeker), aimed at guiding them towards the commandments of God. The Jurists of Islam ought to be credited for their diligent and painstaking efforts in the subject of Islamic Jurisprudence. They have, evidently, added a voluminous collection of book of Fatwa in the treasury of Jurisprudence of Islam. Along the same vein, one such great contribution is entitled as Fatawa e Iqraria.Qazi Iqrar Ud din Chitrali Rahimahullah is attributed to have compiled the collection of fatawa, in manuscript, containing 715 pages, almost 110 years ago.The cited manuscript, reasonably, deserves the research scholars to delve it.
Keywords: Fatwa, Ifta ,mufti, mustafti, Islamic Jurisprudence