Islam, Muslim and Female Right of Inheritance in Pakhtun Society

  • Fariha Bibi Ph.D. Scholar (Sociology), Department of Rural Sociology Agriculture University, Peshawar
  • Dr. Arshad Khan Bangash Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Gender Studies and Education Bacha Khan University Charsadda.
Keywords : Islam, Cultural values, female inheritance, Religious clerics


The research paper aimed to investigate about various causative factors contributing in denial of the women right of inheritance in Pakhtun society under the shade of Islam and its teachings. The study carried out under the positivistic methodology and quantitative tools of data collection. The universe of the study was consisting upon three Union Councils of District Charsadda namely Shaikho, Nisatta and Dargai. A sample size of 120 respondents was randomly selected from those fathers who are having married daughters and married women. The data was analyzed and presented both at univariate level in the form of frequency and percentage distribution to layout a clear picture of the data. Moreover, to know about the association between dependent and independent variables, bivariate analyses were undertaken while using Chi-Square test statistics. The study concluded a significant association between denial of female right of inheritance with the statements i.e. unawareness about Islamic teachings, provision of female right of inheritance in Islam, dominance of cultural values over religious teachings, religious clerics does not speak about female rights of inheritance in sermon, alienation from religion, and non-payment of inheritance is misunderstood to be an Islamic practice. Moreover, a non-significant relationship was found between women disinheriting and the notions like religious clerics disinheriting women, religion has greater importance in people lives, and religious leaders favour men in distribution of property over female. Creation of awareness about female rights of inheritance in light of religious teachings, promotion of religious true knowledge by the clerics, and strict implementation of the state laws about female inheritance were presented some of the study recommendations.

How to Cite
BIBI, Fariha; BANGASH, Dr. Arshad Khan. Islam, Muslim and Female Right of Inheritance in Pakhtun Society. Journal of Religious Studies, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 02, p. 142-164, mar. 2021. ISSN 2663-0206. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 07 dec. 2021. doi: