Critical Review of Urdu Invitational Literature of the Subcontinent

  • Hafiza Sundas Hanif PhD. Scholar, Department of Urdu, Govt. College University, Faisalabad
  • Dr. Yasmin Nazir Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Studies, Government Sadiq College Woman University, Bahawalpur
Keywords : subcontinent, Invitational, literature, Urdu


Invitational literature in Urdu is a continuation of the millennial literature of Muslims in the subcontinent. His social and cultural life, values ​​and traditions, historical and intellectual factors, etc., which made his national life meaningful in this subcontinent, are preserved in his collection of literature. From the very first day of his poetry and literature, emphasis has been placed on Islamic values ​​and values. Urdu poetry and literature were started by Sufi scholars who used Urdu instead of Arabic and Persian as a medium of expression for the sake of preaching Islam. The archives, treatises, poems and hymns of these scholars and Sufis are in fact the first impressions of Da'wah literature in Urdu. The first book of Urdu prose "Miraj-ul-Aashiqeen" which contains the archives of Khwaja Banda Nawaz Geso Daraz is also the first book of Da'wah in Urdu. After the death of Bahadur Shah I in 1712, the central government of Delhi became increasingly weak. The Persian language automatically joined the Mughal Empire in its wake. When the central government of Delhi weakened, the sphere of influence of Persian also narrowed and local languages ​​began to take its place. In this situation, Urdu began to move forward. Religious scholars have made Urdu, a popular language, a medium of instruction and dissemination of religious knowledge, instead of Persian.

How to Cite
HANIF, Hafiza Sundas; NAZIR, Dr. Yasmin. Critical Review of Urdu Invitational Literature of the Subcontinent. Journal of Religious Studies, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 01, p. 206-228, jan. 2021. ISSN 2663-0206. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 sep. 2021. doi: