Religiosity, Spirituality, Emotional Well-being and Contentment among Muslim Religious Scholars
Religiosity and spirituality play a key role in subjective well-being of human. The aim of the current research was to explore the link between religiosity, spirituality, contentment and emotional wellbeing among religious scholars. Correlation research design was used in this study. The study was conducted in different religious institutions and mosques of the Lahore during 2017-2018. Purposive convenient sampling technique was used to select N=110 male religious scholars with age range from 35 to 65 years. Revised Intrinsic/Extrinsic Religious Orientation Scale (Hill, 1999), Spirituality Scale (Delaney, 2003), Contentment with Life Assessment Scale (Lorain, Hatch, Alex & Tara, 2007) and Emotional Wellbeing Questionnaire (Karlfeldt, 2002) were used in Urdu translated version for data collection. The participants were very well informed with the purpose and objective of the study. Pearson correlation analysis, Simple Linear Regression analysis and Independent Sample t-Test were used to measure the results. Findings revealed positive significant correlation between religiosity, spirituality, contentment and emotional wellbeing among religious scholars. It also revealed that religiosity, spirituality and emotional wellbeing positively predict contentment among religious scholars. The results of Independent sample t-Test showed that more religious scholars scored higher on religiosity, spirituality and emotional wellbeing than average religious scholars but their score was low on contentment. The results indicated that religiosity and spirituality have important role being emotionally well and contented with life. It also revealed that religiosity, spirituality and emotional wellbeing positively predict contentment. The study highlights the importance of religiosity and spirituality to lead a contented life.